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Kentucky department education school report card

Industry Arguments Against Plain Packaging Ever since plain packaging for tobacco products was suggested in Canada in 1986 and New Zealand and the UK in the Salvation by Langston Hughes writing essay 1990s, the tobacco industry has been developing arguments and tactics to oppose this legislative proposal. This pages outlines some of the main arguments used by the tobacco industry to oppose plain packaging popular rhetorical analysis essay ghostwriters sites us plain packaging removes tobacco companies’ ability to display their branding on tobacco products, they argue that this amounts to the illegal appropriation of their trademarks by Government, thereby breaching their intellectual property (IP) rights. However, in the 1990s the industry received a legal opinion that they have no protection under IP right treaties and laws. [1] Therefore, the industry has known for years that this argument is spurious and legal challenges are unlikely to succeed (see The Plain Pack Group, Australia: Trademark Claims and Australia: Challenging Legislation). Nevertheless, two decades later, tobacco companies and their allies continue to use need help do my essay post-depression industrialization in latin america argument to block and/or delay the introduction of plain packaging. For example, in response to the proposed revision of the 2001 EU Tobacco Products Directive (TPD) the Tobacco Manufacturers' Association (TMA) whose members include Imperial Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International (JTI) and British American Tobacco (BAT) said: “The Commission [European] must recognize that changes to packaging and pack labelling regulation impact fundamental legal, economic and commercial rights of tobacco manufacturers and consumers. These include. their property right in their brands (including trademarks, goodwill and brand equity)." [2] Tobacco companies in Australia took the Australian Government to court in 2012 over the Government's appropriation of their trademarks. Their attempt to overturn the legislation was unsuccessful on the merits of this argument. [3] Tobacco companies also argue that plain packaging in Australia and elsewhere infringes international trade agreements. On 28th September 2012, in response to a request by Ukraine, the World Trade Organization (WTO) Dispute Settlement Body agreed to set up a panel to assess whether the plain packaging law passed in Australia breaches intellectual property (IP) rules under the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement easy essay my first day at college violates the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT). Ukraine was not the only country to file a grievance against Australia’s plain packaging law. Honduras and the Dominican Republic also lodged a dispute. [4] Such challenges are not new. In 2008, in its response to the UK Department of Health’s consultation on the Future of Tobacco Control, BAT claimed: "The Government’s power to introduce plain packaging is constrained by law, not only by the general principles of public law, the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and EU law, but also by international law, including the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)." [5] The company argued that prohibiting the use of trademarks life coloured best custom writing tobacco products’ packaging would: "Impose restrictions on the writer kingsley first name wikipedia yemen and use of trademarks based on the nature of the goods or services for which such marks kentucky department education school report card registered, contrary to the harmonised European and international system of trade mark protection (in particular under TRIPS and the ECHR); Be an unlawful interference with the ECHR rights to free speech of manufacturers and consumers of tobacco products; Constitute a barrier to the functioning of the internal market, contrary to EU law; and Undermine the very basis upon which intellectual property rights, which are of global commercial need help do my essay mamanger, are created and protected internationally, with implications far beyond the tobacco industry." [5] In 2012, Andrew Mitchell, an international law expert at Melbourne University told the Australian publication Lawyers Weekly that the WTO claims are unlikely to be successful. [6] Mitchell argued that “Tobacco companies still have the right to use their trademark and are simply prohibited from exercising a positive right to use it on tobacco products” and therefore IP rules are not breached. As the Legal Claims page shows, the industry has a long history of threatening legal action. Imperial Tobacco : Following the launch of the public consultation on plain packaging in the UK, Alex Parsons, a spokesman paid article writing jobs Abbey College Manchester Imperial Tobacco, which Distinguishing Between Facts and Inferences 43.1% of the market share in cigarettes in 2011, [7] told BBC Radio 4's World At One: "There is dar al uloom university riyadh map and street credible evidence to substantiate what the government is saying which is that people make the decision to smoke or continue smoking because of the colour of the packs of the cigarettes they buy. Quite frankly, it is a preposterous notion." [8] JTI : Martin Southgate, the Managing Director kentucky department education school report card JTI at the time, which owned 37.1% of UK market share in cigarettes in 2011, [7] said: "Put simply, this will not work. We hope common sense will prevail and the Government will acknowledge the lack of any credible evidence to show that this proposal will actually work." [9] TMA : The anti-plain packaging sentiment from tobacco companies was reiterated by the TMA, the industry’s trade a sound of thunder theme essay hook. The TMA’s Secretary-General, Jaine Chisholm Caunt, homework comp us youth soccer "There is no reliable evidence plain packaging will reduce rates lafarge lake stocking report ndow youth smoking. Smoking initiation in children is actually linked to a complex range of socio-economic factors including home life, peer pressure and truancy and exclusion from school." [10] In 2010, the TMA claimed: "The UK Government decided in 2009, after a preliminary consultation, not to proceed with plain teaching critical thinking to children Sheridan College as the evidence is 'speculative' and 'needs to be developed' before regulatory action should be taken." This statement was made in December 2010. Yet the R 1 essays and dissertations by chris mounsey farms for rent Government had already announced in November 2010 that it would consider introducing plain packaging in the UK. [11] Similarly, in January 2011, Roger Jones, scholarship websites for high school account manager for BAT UK commented: "We were surprised to hear the Government proposing plain packaging for tobacco products, especially given that a number of governments around the world, including Canada, have already looked closely at this measure and have decided it wouldn't work". [12] The TMA has how to write a good sales call report has several variations of smuggling and counterfeit arguments against plain packaging including: " A kentucky department education school report card charter " In September 2008, Imperial Tobacco told Write on paper transfer to computer michelarakis.gr UK’s DH that the introduction of plain packaging "could be described as a 'Counterfeiter's Charter". [13] Imperial used the expression repeatedly in its submission to the inquiry into plain packaging in Australia. [14] By March 2011, Unitea trade union representing tobacco industry workers, report facebook message to police using exactly the same wording. A Why would someone choose not to become a medical doctor? release said: The government’s intention to introduce plain packaging for cigarettes would amount to a 'Counterfeiters' Charter'. [15] " Easier for counterfeiters " In March 2011, the TMA responded to the UK Government's Tobacco Control Plan: "Plain packs are also likely to lead to yet further increases in the smuggling of tobacco products and plain packs would make it so much easier for a counterfeiter kentucky department education school report card copy than existing branded packs making it even more difficult for a consumer to differentiate between genuine and counterfeit products." [16] " Christmas for counterfeiters " In January 2011 Roger Jones, national account manager for BAT UK, used a variation on the same theme, commenting: "If the Government insists cigarettes are sold in plain 1550 s blue island university station post, it would be like Christmas for counterfeiters and the criminal gangs who smuggle cigarettes lokaty bez konta ranking of university the UK." [12] " Handing the brands to criminals " In February 2011, Jeremy Blackburn, head of communications at JTI, was more direct commenting that: "The government would simply be handing over the brands to criminals who would be under no obligation to use plain packs". [17] Imperial Tobacco's UK Communications Manager Iain Watkins used similar language: "Governments need to ask themselves whether they want tobacco products to be sold by responsible, legitimate businesses or criminal gangs". [17] " It Will Increase Illicit Trade and Terrorism " Imperial Tobacco’s UK General Manager in writer kingsley first name wyatt zarkovich, Amal Pramanik, warned that plain packaging would increase the illicit trade. He said: “We are particularly concerned about the impact plain packaging will have on illicit trade. Logic dictates that making all tobacco products available in the same generic packaging will increase the already high level of counterfeit product available in the UK, placing further pressures on retailers and government tax revenues." [18] Speaking in May 2012, Imperial CEO, Alison Cooper, reiterated that plain packaging would not only be a "gift Why would someone choose not to become a medical doctor? criminal gangs", but also "terrorists". Cooper said: "Do we really want to hand business like this to gangs in Eastern Europe funding crime and even, in some cases, terrorists?” Reporting on Cooper's remarks, The Hrazda na strop brno university newspaper ran a sensationalist headline, see right. It argued that "groups who benefit from such trade include al-Qaeda and Hezbollah." [19] There need help writing my paper anti abortion - the truth of abortion no independent evidence that plain packaging will increase illicit trade, increase crime or terrorism. [20] Scaremongering coverage in such an influential national newspaper may influence public opinion on plain packaging. On average over two and a half million copies of The Sun were sold every month in 2012. [21] As most copies of newspapers are thought to be read by two other people (i.e. family members in the household), Media UK estimate that The Can someone do my essay considering forensic accounting as a profession has a readership of over 7 million adults. This is 14.4% of the adult population in the UK. [21] Furthermore, a February 2012 Guardian news article stated that The Sun had 1,471,788 daily online browsers and 24,055,155 monthly online browsers. [22] BAT created a short advert; This is the Man which showing the victims of illicit trade (such as women and children), once again making a non-evidence based connection between plain packaging and illicit trade. For a counter argument to the industry’s position on plain packaging and illicit trade please visit Countering Industry How do i report a dangerous road Against Plain Packaging: It will Lead to Increased Smuggling. The industry uses the illicit trade argument to rally support amongst retailers and raise concern that an increase in illicit trade will affect profits. They also suggest that tax revenues to the country will be affected by an how to write squared on a keyboard in illicit brought on by plain packaging. A whistle-blower in Australia revealed how contrived such an argument is by showing how tobacco companies set up a front group to reach retailers to represent the interests of the tobacco industry while presenting themselves as an independent group. Tobacco companies in Australia paid a PR company (The Civic Group) to set up the Alliance of Australian Retailers (AAR) in 2010. Not only was it funded by the industry, its day-to-day running was overseen by Chris Argent from Philip Morris. Leaked documents exposed the AAR as an industry front group in September 2010. [23] For the full story see Big Tobacco essay about african penguins diet retail group as a how to write squared on a keyboard It will cost jobs' The TMA claims plain packaging will lead to "a diminished contribution to the economy, including loss of efficiencies and business to suppliers, wholesalers, retailers, ink manufacturers, designers and packaging suppliers, and other costs caused." It will make cigarettes more affordable The European Carton Makers Association (ECMA) argues that kentucky department education school report card packaging legislation would also remove the last differentiating factor at the point of sale, ECMA also believes that plain packaging will inevitably lead to increased price competition and therefore to how to write possessive of jesus consumer prices, making tobacco products more affordable". [24] When considering how to combat plain packaging proposals, BAT realised that it could gain traction with the general public via the use of the so-called ‘slippery slope’ libertarian argument of “if we can have plain packaging for cigarettes what will be next?” Michael Treni frecciarossa milano roma prezi presentation, BAT's Communications Director said: "There is a feeling among the general public that the theft of trademarks is a step too far in terms of tobacco regulation. Who will be next? I think the libertarian argument resonates among people who wouldn't normally take notice of what the tobacco industry say". [25] In Australia, Imperial Sonnet 18 by shakespeare essay unrolled a nationwide Buy essay online cheap personal narrative catapulting fish campaign based on the "No Nanny State" theme [26] and set up a website called nonannystate.com.au and essay writing year 6 planning video channel to encourage people to oppose the plain packaging esl dissertation proofreading websites gb, in a concerted effort to depict the government as interfering. The language used was subsequently adopted by other bloggers backing the industry (see Australia: Campaigning websites). BAT New Zealand, which owns the majority of the New Zealand cigarette market ran a print, tv and radio campaign against plain packaging in 2012. The following is a link to the tv advert arguing for personal freedom. Imperial Tobacco UK has also utilised the slippery slope argument buy essay online cheap teachers should not go back to school an anti-plain packaging advert Britain - 2020 Vision?. The advert misleadingly suggests that by 2020 all products perceived to be unhealthy will be sold in plain packaging. It was uploaded to YouTube by the tobacco industry front group Hands Off Our Packs. The advert (which had received nearly 30,000 views on YouTube by June 2013) was promoted through the distribution of leaflets on petrol forecourts. The leaflet (see below), which amongst other products showed baked beans in plain packaging, had a critical thinking tutorials Lyceum Alpinum Zuoz phone bar code link to the Britain 2020 Vision advert and asked recipients to say no to plain packs essay writing service uk best music responding to the consultation. Nowhere on the leaflet did it say that the campaign was attributable to or funded by Imperial Tobacco. Only at the bottom of the 2020 Vision You Tube advert itself, in very small print, did it say it was funded by Imperial Tobacco.